Now, we will examine Propofol, its medical uses, drug protocols, potential for abuse and how this ties into MJ’s situation. The media has put out several soundbites and half-truths in response to the case involvement with Dr. Murray. So let’s look at this with logic and undeniable truths.
We’ve encountered articles indicating that medial professionals refer to Propofol as the “milk of amnesia” -named as such due to its appearance and “function” (to induce sedation used in surgical procedures). (http://www.piedmontfayetteed.org/Clinical%20Practice%20Advisory%20Emergency%20Department%20Procedural.PDF) The indications, standards and protocols are very clear in any Physician Desk Reference or medical “leaflet”. When a person undergoes a surgery procedure, the drug is prescribed as a ONE TIME use in the doses needed to maintain sedation throughout the procedure and it is written as “doctor’s orders” for that time ONLY- it is not prescribed as other medications that anyone can get at a local pharmacy. However, Propofol has been misused and abused by medical professionals to “powernap” (actually called pronapping) between working hours on staff breaks. It is not likely that someone outside the medical profession would even think to ask for Propofol for the treatment of insomnia, depression or anxiety because it is not approved for insomnia treatment. (http://www.allvoices.com/contributed-news/3871392-doctors-speak-out-about-pronapping-addiction-to-propofoldivprivan-on-the-job-and-at-home, http://www.drugaddictiontreatment.com/types-of-addiction/prescription-drug-addiction/sedative-drug-propofol-abused-by-people-in-the-medical-profession/, http://www.farleycenter.com/resources/articles/2009-07-07/spotlight-diprivan-and-propofol-addiction)
As far as the addictive properties, the drug is listed not as an opoid, but rather a sedative-hypnotic. People who use it for insomnia think they “wake refreshed” when other articles indicate “powernapping” does not produce REM sleep to actually be refreshed. Any “euphoria” is due to the changes in consciousness and it only lasts seconds when someone wakes up from it. The amnesia part may refer to the drug’s ability to make people “forget” temporarily when on it. The effects are not long-lasting. It could not be used as a “recreational drug” because you would drop unconscious within seconds of administration whereas other “recreational drugs” don’t always render someone unconscious, unless in the case of overdose and the “euphoria” is extrememly short lived a opposed to other “recreational drugs”. (I am not making light of this.) The medication crosses the blood-brain barrier, as other medications do, however, its sedative effects occur within seconds and a standard dose lasts just minutes per dose. Increased dose without monitoring can most certainly lead to death since the drug suppresses necessary functioning to survive- that is why constant monitoring and life support is imperative when using it. The medication is adjusted in surgery to maintain sedation and quickly wears off when stopped, so you very quickly wake up when it wears out. Furthermore, addiction involves several complex behavioral components that are reinforced with thought processing and emotional value attachment. Logically, anything can become addictive when the behaviors serve a rewarding purpose over any risks (such as gambling, which is not anything we put into our bodies). The possibility to Propofol use to become habit forming seems to rely more on behavioral attributes rather than chemical dependence. (http://www.drugaddictiontreatment.com/types-of-addiction/prescription-drug-addiction/sedative-drug-propofol-abused-by-people-in-the-medical-profession/)
“Paul Early, the director of Atlanta’s Talbott Recovery Campus (a place for medical personnel working through substance addictions) believes propofol abuse has increased because it may have fallen under the shadow of the rise in prescription drug addictions.” Really now? This makes not one bit of sense considering Propofol is not a typical prescription outside the surgery room, therefore, it is not like you can get a script for it like a benzodiazapine or antibiotic. (http://www.drugaddictiontreatment.com/types-of-addiction/prescription-drug-addiction/sedative-drug-propofol-abused-by-people-in-the-medical-profession/)
Having all been said, how could Propofol be identified as a “prescription drug addiction”, akin to benzodiazapines, narcotics, or opoids etc? The media and medical professions want you to believe in the “possibility” that Propofol is a “prescription drug addiction” that any human can abuse or misuse, but it is a possibility that in all logic should not exist because of its limited availability and intended use by protocol (not as a regular script in pharmacies, used only for surgeries, and medical personnel are the only ones with access). The drug simply could not be a “prescription drug” abused or misused in the general population. The individuals at high risk are therefore mainly medical professionals. Based on these facts, to call Propofol a “prescription drug” abuse problem in the general population by the media and/or medical pros is simply not logical.
It is stated in this article (http://www.everythingaddiction.com/drugs-addiction/prescription-drug-addiction/propofol-abuse-among-doctors-and-nurses/) that individuals in clinical settings are randomly tested for abuse, but considering its rapid metabolism in the body, how is random testing a reliable solution? (http://hometestingblog.testcountry.com/?p=4331#ixzz1CJuJt5bZ) Their solution to Propofol abuse/addiction is to test individuals rather than to regulate its use as a controlled substance. Considering how dangerous it is to use Propofol outside a clinical setting, why would anyone take the chance and only TEST someone when they know testing can be unreliable considering the nature of Propofol metabolism and since Propofol misuse can most certainly result in death? Propofol should have been regulated in the medical profession at the first knowledge that medical personnel were misusing it to “pronap”. Misuse of Propofol was reported as early as 2002, but only has become more well known due to MJ’s case with Murray and who is to say that this is not a means to get it regulated? The medical field as a whole was responsible long before 2009.
We’re pretty sure there will be much media mud slinging at MJ in any case. With these articles in mind, one has little doubt where the idea to use propofol to sleep originated. In the preliminary hearings, Dr. Murray said that MJ referred to it as “his milk” but the only medical professionals have called it “Milk of Amnesia”. It is other people saying without proof that MJ asked for Propofol to be used for his insomnia. As indicated on MJ’s autopsy report, he had a prescription for insomnia, but the medication was not Propofol, it was Temazapam, a drug specifically used to treat insomnia. Briefly writing about “addiction” in MJ’s life, he already told us that he had a prescription drug dependency back in the 1990’s, which he subsequently rose above it. The list of medications in MJ’s system were drugs that Dr. Murray had administered- who is to say MJ asked for all of that? Only Dr. Murray. MJ had scripts for which he had not used; there were may left in the bottles and for scripts that were given to him many months before, meaning, he had not finished his script nor had he refilled them since. This hardly describes the behavior of someone who was addicted to prescription medications. Seven wrote an amazing article about MJ and his prescription use here: http://www.mj-777.com/?p=7151 (under the section about drugs and alcohol) here: http://www.mj-777.com/ and here: http://www.mj-777.com/?p=7251 . (three separate amazing articles). Several others have taken time to research the truth, please read any site that vindicates MJ listed in our side bar.
The media would rather have you believe in all the sensationalism they spew- they care not whether it is true or not. The media had made several “sound bites” that MJ is not a responsible human being with any part of his life. In reality, it is far from the truth. Evaluation of MJ’s behavior and HIS OWN words are indication of his honorable level of responsibility for his life. In subsequent articles, we will outline these circumstances.
Its time that the truth is told.